About Sikhism


Sikhism was founded in the 16th century in the Punjab district of what is now India and Pakistan. It was founded by Guru Nanak and is based on his teachings, and those of the 9 Sikh gurus who followed him.


The most important thing in Sikhism is the internal religious state of the individual.


  • Sikhism is a monotheistic religion
  • Sikhism stresses the importance of doing good actions rather than merely carrying out rituals
  • Sikhs believe that the way to lead a good life is to:
    • keep God in heart and mind at all times
    • live honestly and work hard
    • treat everyone equally
    • be generous to the less fortunate
    • serve others
  • The Sikh place of worship is called a Gurdwara
  • The Sikh scripture is the Guru Granth Sahib, a book that Sikhs consider a living Guru




  • There is only one God
  • God is without form, or gender
  • Everyone has direct access to God
  • Everyone is equal before God
  • A good life is lived as part of a community, by living honestly and caring for others
  • Empty religious rituals and superstitions have no value


The Three Duties


The three duties that a Sikh must carry out can be summed up in three words; Pray, Work, Give.


  • Nam japna:
    • Keeping God in mind at all times.
  • Kirt Karna:
    • Earning an honest living. Since God is truth, a Sikh seeks to live honestly. This doesn't just mean avoiding crime; Sikhs avoid gambling, begging, or working in the alcohol or tobacco industries.
  • Vand Chhakna:
    • (Literally, sharing one's earnings with others) Giving to charity and caring for others.


Sikhs in USA


There are 20 million Sikhs in the world, most of whom live in the Punjab province of India.


In 2007, there were estimated to be approximately 250,000 Sikhs living in the United States, with largest populations living on the East and West Coasts.



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